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7.3. Identifying the hazard/potential losses at each step

In each step of job, the hazard identification must be done as:

  • Visible/obvious hazards.
  • Hidden hazards by looking beyond the obvious.
  • Developing hazards (the hazards that can emerge as a result of work activity in each step and also due to changes in the environment.For example, a part dismantled from a machine during servicing/repair left unrestrained may cause the development of a new hazard).
  • Hazards that have low initial consequence but over time the consequence may change or increase.

The hazard identification process must consider:

  • the actual work environment where the job is to be conducted.
  • potentially unsafe acts, behaviours and oversights by personnel involved in the task.
  • energy sources the energy concept is useful for understanding safety and health hazards. Physical damage to people can only occur due to energy

It is important to consider using prompts such as respecting 'people', 'environment', 'equipment', 'procedures' and 'organisations'. Or prompts in the form of questions (examples of energy sources and hazard prompts are provided Appendix B and C).

  • unplanned or secondary knock-on effects of actions, behaviours, or conditions at the job site.
  • job observation by experienced personnel on the job site (this is particularly relevant when conducting a JSA for developing or modifying a procedure/SWI).
  • previous incidents and accidents and other ‘lessons learnt' information relating to the task or job.

The hazard identification process must also consider:

  • any changes to work environment or tasks while the job is being conducted.
  • the effects when job is handed over to the next shift.

Hazards identification in the following various organisational components should be in the priority:


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