9. Training

A person must be able to demonstrate the skill and knowledge required to carry out JSA to a standard that will ensure the risk in a job is at an acceptable level.

To satisfy the requirements of JSA competency, the individual must: undergo initial training on JSAs (through formal training courses and informal on-the job instruction) to understand the value, importance, context, application and the basic Methods that may be used in training include:

  • Classroom training
  • Question and answer techniques
  • Demonstration with real or mock-up equipment
  • Supervised student practice with coaching and feedback
  • Supervised On the Job Training (OJT) with coaching and feedback

Some examples of training materials are:

  • Lesson plans
  • Company policies and procedures
  • Operating manuals and checklists
  • Mock-ups or actual equipment and machines
  • Workplace diagrams
  • JSAs and associated job breakdowns
  • Videos, films and CD ROMs
  • Overhead slides, 35-mm slides, computer programs

The evaluation process for task training will vary with each and every task. In some cases, questions and answers may be adequate. In other cases accurate demonstration of the learned skill or ability is essential. In all cases the evaluation should address the three areas of safety, quality and productivity (rate of work) because the effort committed to each of these areas must be compatible to sustain a continued successful operation.

In training the following points should be assessed:

Ability, Alertness, Physiology, Psychology, Roster, Training, unsafe acts, interaction between people etc. Influence of the people behaviour and safety.

Environment is being influenced by Illumination, precipitation, contaminants, noise, temperature/humidity, wind/turbulence, vibration, acceleration/ deceleration, Radiation, work surface/space, electricity, air pressure, wildlife, unsafe conditions, interaction people/working environment etc.
Equipment Design, construction, operation, man machine interface, PPE, emergency response equipment etc. Procedures Correctness, safety, availability of necessary information, task specific, emergency provisions, effective hazard/risk control, etc. Organisation Culture, facilities, communication, supervision, training, structure etc.

The training should be of such level that trainees should be able to follow the competency to implement the change as shown below:

 

 
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