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Chhattisgarh Environment Conservation Board


Chhattisgarh is amongst the youngest States of the Union of India and is rich in natural resources. While the availability of coal has helped the state to become a major producer of power, abundance of iron-ore deposits have helped the setting up of a large number of iron and steel industries. Aluminum and Cement Industry have also fared well in the State.
Mining and Mineral based industries have the potential to cause pollution and continuous efforts are necessary to minimise the damage caused to land and water resources, apart from reducing air and sound pollution and also proper handling and management of hazardous and other solid wastes and mitigation of chemical accident from industries.

 

Chhattisgarh Environment Conservation Board (CECB) - the State Pollution Control Board for State (SPCB) of Chhattisgarh - was set up in the year 2001 and has ever since taken a number of steps for environment regulation, conservation, awareness creation and capacity building. It is important for public agencies to ensure the participation of civil society in all these matters.

 

CECB is entrusted with the responsibility of monitoring and controlling environmental pollution. Successive enactment and framing of rules have specified the powers and functions of the SPCBs in different areas of their intervention.

Constituted with a two-tier administrative set-up consisting of Board of Members and the regular administrative and technical staff and with a network of field offices, each SPCB is required to perform such functions as advising the State Government on matters relating to pollution, developing methods, standards and technology to abate pollution, administering pollution control and creating awareness among the public about the ill-effects of pollution.

The unfortunate Bhopal Gas tragedy precipitated the environmental regulation. Ministry of Environment and Forests with greater powers resulted. An umbrella act called the Environment (protection) Act, 1986 was passed which vested the Pollution Control Boards with wide powers. Basically the measures adopted for environmental regulation are those of command and control.

The SPCBs seek to achieve their objectives through three instruments:

  1. consent to establish producing units (NOC),
  2. consent to operate, and
  3. standards for air and water pollution.

The specific functions of the SPCBs include:

  • formulation of preventive measures,
  • laying down standards,
  • technology development which is environment-friendly,
  • control of pollution through inspection of industrial units,
  • regulation of location of industries,
  • disposal of hazardous wastes, and
  • collection and dissemination of information on the prevention and control of pollution.


 

 
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