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Module 15: Industrial Disaster Response Guide

This module was prepared by the Disaster Management Institute Bhopal in cooperation with the Indo-German bilateral cooperation - InWEnt Capacity Building International and GTZ-ASEM.

Download the brochure of module 15 - Industrial Disaster Response Guide

The module provides brief structure for implementing the district level response action and operational coordination for all types of industrial (chemical) accidents. Response mechanism defines basic roles, responsibilities and operational concepts for response across all levels of Government, NGOs and the private sector. The overarching objective of response activities centres upon saving lives and protecting property and the environment.


1. Why emergency response?
2. Emergency Levels
3. Causes of the emergencies
4. Characteristics of the released hazardous chemicals
5. Incident Response System (IRS)
       5.1. NDMA inititatives
6. The Incident Response Teams (IRTs) at State and District Levels
       6.1. MOEF initiatives
7. Consequences of chemical releases
       7.1 Typical impacts on health
       7.2 Typical demands on health services
       7.3 What the assessment IC should focus on
       7.4 Interventions/Response likely to be needed: Specific health/medical interventions
       7.5 Other critical public health interventions
8. What to do in response to a warning
9. What IC needs to do when a disaster strikes
       9.1 Sequence of actions
       9.2 Preliminaries to be done 'immediately' in all cases
       9.3 Points to remember
       9.4 Emergency, health and rehabilitation services
       9.5 Population Displacements
       9.6 Managing stress
       9.7 Personal emergency kits
10. Conclusion
11. Glossary
12. References


Command staff:

The command staff consists of the Information Officer, Safety Officer and Liaison Officer. They report directly to the Incident Commander and may have assistants. The command staff may or may not have supporting organisations below it.

General Staff:

The group of incident management personnel reporting to the Incident Commander. They may each have a deputy, as needed. General Staff consists of Operations Section Chief, Planning Section Chief and Logistics Section Chief.

Incident Action Plan:

A plan with objectives reflecting the overall incident strategy and specific tactical actions and supporting information for an operational period. The plan may be oral or written. When written, the plan may have a number of attachments, including incident objectives, division assignment list, incident radio communication plan, medical plan, traffic plan, safety plan, incident map, etc.

Incident Command Post:

Location at which primary command functions are executed. The Incident Command Post may be co-located with the incident base or at other incident facilities.

Incident Response System:

The combination of facilities, equipment, personnel, procedure and communications operating within a common organisational structure, with responsibility for the management of assigned resources to effectively accomplish stated objectives pertaining to an incident.

Incident Response Team:

The incident commander and appropriate general or commander and staff personnel assigned to manage an incident.

Planning Section:

The Planning Section is responsible for the collection, evaluation, and display of incident information, maintaining and tracking the resources and preparing the Incident Action Plan and incident related documentation. They may also assess the requirement of more resources and keep Incident Commander informed.

Responsible Officer:

The Responsible Officer is the senior most officer in the hierarchy of State and District Administration. At the State level, the Chief Secretary (Chairperson of SEC) and at the District level, the District Magistrate / District Collector (Chairperson of DDMA) will be the Responsible Officer. Such officer is the overall in-charge in the management of emergency response at the respective administrative levels.


  1. Incident Response System: National Disaster Management Guidelines Incident Response System, National Disaster Management Authority, Government of India July 2010.
  2. Disaster Management Act 2005
  3. Emergency Response Manual, Guidelines for WHO Representatives and Country Offices in the Western Pacific Region Provisional Version, October 2003.
  4. Environment (Protection) Act 1986 and its provisions and regulations and rules.


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